Sertraline is a type of antidepressant known as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI).
Sertraline helps many people recover from depression, and has fewer unwanted side effects than older antidepressants.
Sertraline comes as tablets, which are available only on prescription.
- It usually takes 4 to 6 weeks for sertraline to work.
- Side effects such as feeling sick, headaches and trouble sleeping are common. They're usually mild and go away after a couple of weeks.
- If you and your doctor decide to take you off sertraline, your doctor will probably recommend reducing your dose gradually to help prevent extra side effects.
- Sertraline is also called by the brand name Lustral.
Sertraline can be taken by adults for depression or obsessive compulsive disorder.
Sertraline can be taken by children aged 6 to 17, but only for obsessive compulsive disorder.
Check with your doctor before starting to take sertraline if you:
- have had an allergic reaction to sertraline or any other medicines in the past
- have a heart problem - sertraline can speed up or change your heartbeat
- have ever taken any other medicines for depression - some rarely used antidepressants can interfere with sertraline to cause very high blood pressure, even when they have been stopped for a few weeks
- are trying to become pregnant, already pregnant or breastfeeding
- have an eye problem called glaucoma - sertraline can increase the pressure in your eye
- have epilepsy or are having electroconvulsive treatment - sertraline may increase your risk of having a seizure
If you have diabetes, sertraline can make it more difficult to keep your blood sugar stable.
Monitor your blood sugar more often for the first few weeks of treatment with sertraline and adjust your diabetes treatment if necessary.
Take sertraline once a day. You can take sertraline with or without food.
You can choose to take sertraline at any time, as long as you stick to the same time every day.
If you have trouble sleeping, it's best to take it in the morning.
How much will I take?
The usual dose of sertraline is 50mg a day in adults. But it might be started at a lower dose, then increased gradually to a maximum dose of 200mg a day.
If you have liver problems, your doctor might give you a lower dose or advise you to take sertraline less often.
The usual dose of sertraline in children aged 6 to 12 is 25mg a day, but this may be increased to 50mg a day after a week.
The usual dose of sertraline in children aged 13 to 17 is 50mg a day. Children aged 6 to 17 might have their dose increased up to 200mg a day, if needed.
What if I forget to take it?
If you occasionally forget to take a dose, don't worry. Take your next dose the next day at the usual time. Never take 2 doses at the same time to make up for a forgotten one.
If you forget doses often, it may help to set an alarm to remind you. You could also ask your pharmacist for advice on other ways to help you remember to take your medicine.
What if I take too much?
The amount of sertraline that can lead to an overdose varies from person to person.
Like all medicines, sertraline can cause side effects in some people, but many people have no side effects or only minor ones.
Some of the common side effects of sertraline will gradually improve as your body gets used to it.
Some people who take sertraline for panic attacks find their anxiety gets worse during the first few weeks of treatment.
This usually wears off after a few weeks, but speak to your doctor if it bothers you - a lower dose may help reduce your symptoms.
Common side effects
These common side effects happen in more than 1 in 100 people.
If you get these side effects, keep taking the medicine, but tell your doctor if they bother you or don't go away:
- feeling sick
- being unable to sleep
- feeling sleepy
- dry mouth
- feeling tired or weak
Serious side effects
It happens rarely (in less than 1 in 100 people), but some people may have serious side effects when taking sertraline.
Go to A&E immediately if you get:
- chest pain or pressure, or shortness of breath
- severe dizziness or passing out
- painful erections that last longer than 4 hours - this may happen even when you're not having sex
- any bleeding that's very bad or you can't stop, such as cuts or nosebleeds that don't stop within 10 minutes
Call a doctor straight away if you get:
- headaches, trouble focusing, memory problems, not thinking clearly, weakness, seizures, or losing your balance - these can be signs of low sodium levels
- thoughts about harming yourself or ending your life
- fits, feelings of euphoria, excessive enthusiasm or excitement, or a feeling of restlessness that means you can't sit or stand still
- yellow skin or the whites of your eyes turn yellow - this can be a sign of liver problems
- vomiting blood or dark vomit, coughing up blood, blood in your pee, black or red poo - these can be signs of bleeding from the gut
- bleeding from the gums or bruises that appear without a reason or that get bigger
Book an appointment with your doctor if you experience:
- changes in your periods, such as heavy bleeding, spotting or bleeding between periods
- weight gain or weight loss without trying
Serious allergic reaction
In rare cases, it's possible to have a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to sertraline.
These aren't all the side effects of sertraline.
For a full list, see the leaflet inside your medicine packet.
What to do about:
- feeling sick - try taking sertraline with or after food. It may also help if you avoid rich or spicy food.
- headaches - make sure you rest and drink plenty of fluids. Do not drink too much alcohol. Ask your pharmacist to recommend a painkiller. Headaches should usually go away after the first week of taking sertraline. Talk to your doctor if they last longer than a week or are severe.
- being unable to sleep - take sertraline first thing in the morning
- feeling sleepy - take sertraline in the evening and cut down the amount of alcohol you drink. Do not drive or use tools or machinery if you're feeling sleepy. If this doesn't help, talk to your doctor.
- diarrhoea - drink plenty of water or other fluids to avoid dehydration. Signs of dehydration include peeing less than usual and having dark, strong-smelling pee. Do not take any other medicines to treat diarrhoea without speaking to a pharmacist or doctor.
- dry mouth - chew sugar-free gum or sugar-free sweets
- dizziness - if sertraline makes you feel dizzy, stop what you're doing and sit or lie down until you feel better
- feeling tired or weak- if sertraline makes you feel tired or weak, stop what you're doing and sit or lie down until you feel better. Do not drive or use tools or machinery if you're feeling tired. Do not drink alcohol as it'll make you feel worse. If these symptoms don't go away after a week or two, ask your pharmacist or doctor for advice.
It's important for you and your baby that you stay well during your pregnancy.
If you become pregnant while taking sertraline, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to.
Sertraline has been linked to a very small increased risk of problems for your unborn baby.
But if your depression isn't treated during pregnancy, this can also increase the chance of problems.
You may take sertraline during pregnancy if you need it to remain well. Your doctor can explain the risks and the benefits, and will help you decide which treatment is best for you and your baby.
For more information about how sertraline can affect you and your baby during pregnancy, read the leaflet about the best use of medicines in pregnancy (BUMPS).
Sertraline and breastfeeding
If your doctor or health visitor says your baby is healthy, sertraline is one of the preferred antidepressants to take when breastfeeding. It has been used by many breastfeeding mothers without any problems.
Sertraline passes into breast milk in tiny amounts and has been linked with side effects in a very few breastfed babies.
But it's important to continue taking sertraline to keep you well. Breastfeeding will also benefit both you and your baby.
If you notice that your baby isn't feeding as well as usual or seems unusually sleepy, or if you have any other concerns about your baby, talk to your health visitor or doctor as soon as possible.
Some medicines and sertraline can interfere with each other and increase the chances of you having side effects.
- any medicines that affect your heartbeat - sertraline can speed up or change your heartbeat
- any other medicines for depression - some antidepressants can interfere with sertraline to cause very high blood pressure even when they have been stopped
Mixing sertraline with herbal remedies and supplements
Do not take St John's wort, the herbal remedy for depression, while you're being treated with sertraline as this will increase your risk of side effects.