Lercanidipine is a medicine used to treat high blood pressure.
Lercanidipine is only available on prescription. It comes as tablets.
- Lercanidipine lowers your blood pressure and makes it easier for your heart to pump blood around your body.
- It's usual to take lercanidipine once a day. You can take it at any time of day, but try to make sure it's around the same time each day.
- It's best to take lercanidipine on an empty stomach. Fatty food can increase the amount of lercanidipine your body takes in and make you more likely to have side effects.
- Do not eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while you're taking lercanidipine. It can make side effects worse.
- Lercanidipine is also called by the brand name Zanidip.
Who can and can't take lercanidipine
Lercanidipine can be taken by adults aged 18 and over.
Lercanidipine isn't suitable for some people.
Tell your doctor before starting lercanidipine if you:
- have had an allergic reaction to lercanidipine or any other medicine in the past
- are trying to get pregnant, are pregnant or you're breastfeeding
- have liver or kidney disease
- have heart disease or have had a recent heart attack
How and when to take it
Always take lercanidipine exactly as your doctor has told you, and follow the directions on the label. If you're not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
It's usual to take lercanidipine once a day. You can take lercanidipine at any time of day, but try to make sure it's around the same time every day. Most people take it in the morning.
How much to take
Lercanidipine comes as 10mg and 20mg tablets.
The usual starting dose of lercanidipine is 10mg once a day.
If this dose isn't working well enough (your blood pressure stays too high), you may need to increase your dose to 20mg once a day. Your doctor will tell you if you need to do this.
How to take it
Take lercanidipine on an empty stomach, at least 15 minutes before a meal. This is because fatty food can increase the amount of lercanidipine your body takes in and make you more likely to have side effects.
Swallow lercanidipine tablets whole with a drink of water.
Some brands have a score line to help you break the tablet to make it easier to swallow. Check the information leaflet for your brand to see if you can do this.
Do not eat or drink lots of grapefruit or grapefruit juice while you're taking this medicine. Grapefruit can increase the concentration of lercanidipine in your body and worsen side effects.
Take lercanidipine even if you feel well, as you'll still be getting the benefits of the medicine.
What if I forget to take it?
If you forget to take lercanidipine, take it 15 minutes before your next meal.
If you don't remember until the next day, leave out the missed dose and carry on as normal.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten one.
If you forget doses often, it may help to set an alarm to remind you.
You could also ask your pharmacist for advice on other ways to help you remember to take your medicine.
What if I take too much?
If you take too much lercanidipine by accident, contact your doctor or nearest hospital straight away.
An overdose of lercanidipine can cause dizziness and sleepiness.
The amount of lercanidipine that can lead to an overdose varies from person to person.
Like all medicines, lercanidipine can cause side effects, although not everyone gets them.
Side effects often improve as your body gets used to the medicine.
Common side effects
Common side effects happen in more than 1 in 100 people. They're usually mild and short-lived.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if the side effects bother you or last for more than a few days.
The most common side effects of lercanidipine are:
- a pounding heartbeat
- swollen ankles
Serious side effects
Serious side effects of lercanidipine are rare and happen in less than 1 in 1,000 people.
Call a doctor straight away if you get chest pain that's new or worse.
This side effect needs to be checked out as chest pain is a possible symptom of a heart attack.
Serious allergic reaction
In rare cases, it's possible to have a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to lercanidipine.
These aren't all the side effects of lercanidipine.
For a full list, see the leaflet inside your medicines packet.
You can report any suspected side effect to the UK safety scheme.
How to cope with side effects
What to do about:
- headaches - make sure you rest and drink plenty of fluids. Do not drink too much alcohol. Ask your pharmacist to recommend a painkiller. Talk to your doctor if headaches last longer than a week or are severe.
- feeling dizzy - if lercanidipine makes you feel dizzy, stop what you're doing and sit or lie down until you feel better.
- flushing - try cutting down on coffee, tea and alcohol. It might help to keep the room cool and use a fan. You could also spray your face with cool water or sip cold or iced drinks. The flushing should go away after a few days. If it doesn't go away, or if it's causing you problems, contact your doctor.
- a pounding heartbeat - if this happens regularly after you take lercanidipine, try taking it somewhere you can sit or lie down when the symptoms are worse. It may also help to cut down on alcohol, smoking, caffeine and big meals as these can make the effect worse. Speak to your doctor if it lasts more than a week as they may need to change you to a different type of medicine.
- swollen ankles - raise your legs when you're sitting down
These side effects should go away after the first week of taking lercanidipine.
Tell your doctor if they last longer than this or get worse.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Lercanidipine is not normally recommended in pregnancy or when breastfeeding.
If you're trying to get pregnant or already pregnant, talk to your doctor about the benefits and possible harms of taking lercanidipine.
There may be other blood pressure-lowering medicines that are safer for you.
For more information about how lercanidipine can affect you and your baby during pregnancy, read the lercanidipine leaflet on the Best Use of Medicines in Pregnancy (BUMPS) website.
Lercanidipine and breastfeeding
Small amounts of lercanidipine may get into breast milk, but it's not known if this is harmful to the baby.
Talk to your doctor, as other blood pressure-lowering medicines might be better while you're breastfeeding.
Tell your doctor if you're:
- trying to get pregnant
Cautions with other medicines
This may make you feel dizzy or faint. If this keeps happening to you, tell your doctor as your doses may need to be changed.
Some medicines can interfere with the way lercanidipine works. Lercanidipine can also interfere with the way some other medicines work.
Tell your doctor before taking lercanidipine if you're taking any of these medicines:
- aminophylline or theophylline (medicines to ease breathing)
- the antifungal itraconazole
- the antibiotic erythromycin
- digoxin, a heart medicine
- medicines to treat HIV
- the epilepsy medicines carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital (phenobarbitone) or primidone
- ciclosporin, a medicine to stop your immune system overreacting
Mixing lercanidipine with herbal remedies or supplements
There's very little information about taking herbal remedies and supplements with lercanidipine.
To be safe, speak to your pharmacist or doctor before taking any herbal or alternative remedies with it.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you're taking any other medicines, including herbal remedies, vitamins or supplements.