Diabetes is the linked host to all other health problems. An individual with diabetes is easily prone to many diseases. The risk is there but there is always a way out to prevent it. First is managing your blood glucose control. The risk increases if your glucose level remains high and you are more on an unhealthy lifestyle. As it is a life time disease so the problems develop gradually. However, the complications are more dangerous and life threatening in case the blood sugar levels are not maintained regularly. The seven complications that are big enough for a diabetes patient are pinned below in detail:
1.Cardiovascular disease and stroke: It is the most common disease in diabetic patients and 3 in 20 patients face death because of this. The reason is that the high blood sugar levels gradually build-up of fatty deposits that clog and harden the walls of blood vessels. The blocked walls cause coronary heart diseases and angina pectoris. Even in severe cases the partially blocked or narrowed blood vessels can lead to a stroke or heart attack. The risk is different for every one and one is more likely to have cardiovascular disease if they had been living with diabetes for over 15 years. Smoking, high blood pressure levels, high cholesterol levels, and family history increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. For such people increasing physical activity and healthy diet is the only way out to avoid heart diseases.
2.Kidney diseases: The leading cause of kidney failure is diabetes. Diabetes causes kidney problems by damaging the delicate blood vessels of the filtering system. When severe damage occurs, it leads to kidney failure or irreversible end-stage kidney disease requiring a dialysis or a kidney transplant, get the detail process of kidney dialysis and its cost in India healthprice.in/kidney-dialy... High blood pressure increases the risk of diseases. So, it is advised to always have a controlled blood pressure.
3.Nerve damage: In some cases, diabetes leads to nerve disorders called neuropathies. The blood vessels become narrowed from fatty deposits and the nerves becomes damaged as they are not getting enough oxygen and nourishment needed. The signs of diabetic neuropathy include pain, numbness or tingling in legs and toes, arms and fingers and in some cases to sexual dysfunction. To reduce the risk of nerve damage, maintain blood sugar and avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.
4.Amputations: Several diabetic patients have to face amputation of feet or legs. This is due to the fact that due to narrowed blood vessels, the circulation in the lower body parts may not be proper making the cuts or sores on feet or legs difficult to heal and even sometimes worsening the condition. In some cases, amputation is done as the nerve damage might not feel the pain of a foot problem. Sores that remained unnoticed may become infected requiring amputation. The risk can be avoided by cleaning them every day. Avoid hurts, walking barefoot or wearing poorly fitting socks.
5.Eye diseases: The diabetes is a key factor that result in the development of cataracts. People with diabetes mellitus face a 60% greater risk of developing cataracts. The only way to avoid the risk is controlling your blood sugar levels. For treating cataract treatment is required. In the cataract surgery, the lens are removed and replaced with an artificial one. Cataract surgery is widely recommended and a successful process. The other risk of diabetes are damage to the blood vessels of the retina and even blindness in some cases.
6.Vision loss: Diabetes can cause blockage or abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina of the eye that is for reading the images. Changes in the blood vessels in the retina causes vision problems and even blindness. Glaucoma is a serious eye disease caused due to diabetes. For reducing the risk a full eye exam should be done at least once a year. Consult a doctor if you find a blood spot and blurredness in your eyes.
7.Alzheimer's disease: Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease. It is a type of chronic neurodegenerative disease. It gets worse over time. It is the cause of dementia in 60% to 70% of diabetic patients. It is a short-term memory loss accompanied with problems with language, disorientation, mood swings, loss of motivation, not managing self-care, and behavioural issues. Uncontrolled blood sugar control make the risks higher. Apart from Alzheimer’s, other mental disorders like anxiety, nervousness, and depression. With age diabetes, tends to impair mental health in some cases. Although, the development of mental disease is less and the chances are 1 in 10 number of diabetic patients.