* Avoid single high concentrated meals.
* Small frequent meals, more times in a day.
* Do not consume food at night.
* Food high in fibre content like vegetables, whole pulses, fruits, etc.
Ideal combination of diabetic diet should be:--
Proteins: 15-20% (0.8g /kg /body wt).
Fibres 40 g/day.
Do not eat at all:--
Sugar, jam, syrups, honey, sweets, chocolates, fruit juices, ice creams, cold drinks, glucose drinks, cakes and pastries, sweet biscuits, puddings and protein powder with sugar.
Eat in moderation:--
Bread, chapatis, oat porridge, cornflakes (No sugar), Cheese, butter, Noodles or spaghetti, macroni, Thick soups, Milk & milk products, Chicken,lean meat, fish.
* Salads (cucumber, tomato, onion, raddish, salad leaves).
* Vegetables (cabbage, baigan, lady fingers, french beans, methi, palak).
* Fruits (except banana, chockoo or mangoes).
* Sprouted beans and pulses.
* Marie biscuit (with less sugar).
* Clear soups, Lemon juice, Buttermilk
Exercise (brisk walking) daily for about 30 minutes.
Check your post prandial blood sugar (PPBS) daily. Your PPBS level should be less than 140 mg/dL.
Periodical tests to be conducted by a diabetic patient.
A: HbA1c. HbA1c is a lab test that shows the average level of blood sugar (glucose) over the previous 3 months. It shows
how well you are controlling your diabetes.
B: Control your high Blood pressure, if any. Normal blood pressure- <120/80 mmHg.
C: Control your blood Cholesterol: Normal cholesterol < 200 mg/dL. LDL <100 mg/dL HDL > 40 mg/dL Triglyceride < 150 mg/dL.
D: Diabetic education. Dental check-up should be done in every six months.
E: Eye examination for glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and cataract.
F: Foot examination (Diabetic neuropathy and diabetic foot ulcers)
G: Glucose monitoring. Fasting or postprandial blood sugar may be checked daily and avoid foods that elevate blood sugar.
H: Health maintenance immunization against influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia.
I: Indications for specialty care. Heart, kidney and liver should be checked periodically by concerned specialists.(Once in a year).
* Overall, the risk for death among people with diabetes is about twice that of people of similar age without diabetes.
* Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about 2 to 4 times higher than adults without diabetes.
* The risk for stroke is 2 to 4 times higher among people with diabetes.