There are many theories, study results so on and so forth on the former question.
I have some clue popping up in mind about answers to these questions, based on the knowledge acquired from knowledgeable members of this forum (HealthUnlocked/DiabetesIndia). To verify the clue some volunteers who have been diabetic for a long time (preferably those on Insulin injection) are needed.
What they will have to do is only follow LWMDR under my supervision in addition to the routine they are following till now.
What they will have to do additionally is to get a few more blood tests at some reliable lab & publish the results here.
What they will get by way of return will be bringing their BS to normal range (which will make them healthier & happier) and finally getting cured of Diabetes.
What I will take are drawing some conclusions from the lab reports either for or against the clues that have popped up in my mind. The volunteers do not run any risk & will not lose anything.
Cooperation of interested members are earnestly solicited.
Regarding the latter question (how LongWheat controls & finally cures it?):
If you are diabetic, try LWMDR for a month or two keeping everything else unaltered; you will see that it reduces Blood Sugar (BS), as some members have already reported.
Even though I had been eating whole grain (non pulverized) LW cooked in water IT WAS NOT SWALLOWED AS WHOLE GRAIN. It was chewed well before swallowing. Hence eaten LW getting purged without being digested is not the reason for the reduction of BS in me as well as in those members of this forum who follow LWMDR.
Slow digestion or assimilation of Starch/Glucose from LW also is not the reason for LWMDR reducing the BS. If it were, my switching back to Rice based food thrice daily would have increased BS within hours or at least days, as reported by some learned members who follow other therapies.
If some volunteers are available & if the study is carried out, I hope to answer both the questions concretely.