Responding promptly to symptoms of a diabetic emergency can be life saving.
Most diabetic emergencies are related to disruption in a persons blood sugar levels. Occasionally even too much of a drug being used to treat diabetes can trigger a diabetic emergency.
The common diabetic emergencies include:-
--1.-- Severe hypoglycemia,. It normally only occurs in people with diabetes who take medicines that lower blood sugar. Blood sugar levels may drop dangerously low when a person is
--consuming too much alcohol
Missing or delaying meal
Overdosing of diabetic medication.
-2.---Diabetic ketoacidosis --it occurs when body does not have enough insulin to break down glucose properly and hormones that normally work opposite insulin are high.
Overtime body releases hormones that break down fat to provide fuel.This produces acids called ketones. As ketones build up in the body, ketoacidosis can occur. The common causes of ketoacidosis include --
Uncontrolled or untreated diabetes.
Illness or infection that changes hormone production.
Drugs or alcohol abuse.
A heart attack
Some medication particularly corticosteroids.
-3. Hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar syndrome --it occurs when blood sugar levels become dangerously high. People with type 2 with poorly controlled diabetes are more prone but other factors also increase the risk. These include--
Illness or infection
A heart attack
Using medicine which reduces insulin efficacy.
Taking medicines that promote fluid loss.
-4-- Infection--people with diabetes are more prone to infection. Infection may become serious triggering life threatening complications.