In the last decades of the nineteenth century, European medicine became far more powerful by allying itself with emerging scientific techniques and technologies. Germ theory, bacteriology and chemical analysis joined new diagnostic instruments and drug therapies in changing clinical practice. At the same time, doctors and surgeons fought to establish themselves as professional groups, distancing themselves from traditional and imported medical systems.

For the patient, medical experiences changed dramatically. More accurate information about what was wrong, powerful new drugs and less painful procedures all improved patient care. However the proliferation of new instruments and diagnostic tests also meant that the individual’s own perceptions of their condition carried less weight with doctors, who favoured more objective measures of illness and disease.

Clinical medicine adopted the ideas and practices being developed away from hospitals in specialist laboratories. New ideas in science provided powerful new tools for doctors and surgeons, but they could also challenge practitioners' authority. Some of them felt that the practice of medicine was, and should remain, an ‘art’. They argued against an over-reliance on machines and instruments and instead put their trust in the perceptions of the practitioner. The question of whether accurate diagnosis is a purely scientific process or relies on the skill of the individual practitioner has continued to this day.

(TEXT TAKEN FROM MUSEUM WEBSITE) Lets see where it all began :o

FROM HERE THE NEXT PORT OF CALL SHALL BE THE IMAX CINEMA - The difference between the IMAX Experience and watching a film at a conventional cinema is the feeling that you don't merely watch a film - you feel as if you are actually there - inside the human body, fighting for survival in Antarctica or plunging into the depths of the sea. (taken from museum website)

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67 Replies

  • Ooh! operations without anaesthesia and what's that used for? don't like the look of that :o

  • That's way too much for my fuzzy brain to take in hehe but plenty of food for thought!Think that it should be a combination of both really.Where are we headed off to next? :)

  • well this section does go into penicillin and how surgical procedures have improved.

    Makes me pleased it has.......... looking at all that stuff don't think I'd have liked my bowel op done using them tools :o

  • Well I think iam allergic to penicillin so won't be going over there,and yes I quite agree that I would not have liked to have had my cystoscopy with any of those instruments.They look like instruments of torture! :O

  • I'm deffo in agreement with that?

  • Laughing gas................... hahahahahahah! does anyone believe it would have worked really to mask the pain :O ?

  • Well I had some of the stuff when I was having my first son and it doesn't take the pain away but helps you cope.Now now gins,take it easy on the gas....same some for all of us........breathes into mask.........hmmmmhehehehehehehehehe............rolls on the floor in an uncontrollable fit of laughter :D

  • I don't know but I could do with a goggle sorry a giggle

  • Well should we go to the IMAX cinema then and walk through antartica or the human body....... sshhhh don't tell anyone but I got us some laughing gas :o

    anyone looking gins :o swoosssssh big breath heheheheehhhhheh! your turn :D

    .....boing boing giggle giggle

  • Can we go to the IMAX cinema,anyone for popcorn and laughing gas? :D

  • Hehe ha ha tee green he buggy rub xxx fvcfgh f2f church y gr8 Chechens. Bush u les th hehre

  • Are you feeling all right gins??? :O

  • All that giggling and boinging is going to make you sick zeb :O

  • Oh Zen that is brilliant. I love it I ache alloover

  • sorry! best have some more then :o

  • where's everyone gone? bored now I suppose :o

    Ah well! more laughing gas anyone? wow boooooooooooooooooooooing yeurgh!

    oh! looks like you were right haribo hhheeeeheghhheehhh can't stop giggling tho whoops! LOLOLOL

  • Oohh I'm in the sea.............. there's an octopus and lots of coral ............ was that Nemo?

    ......................... flip flap flip flap................... I think it was you know

  • Calls out to zeb "zeb zeb are you alright in there? Did you say nemo?Ooh I love nemo..........jumps in..........splash! It's so cccccold in here.Wheres nemo? Giggles.....ah there he is :D

  • I knew I'd seen him hee hee! no-one will ever believe us will they!? :D

    hah! its Nemo Aw!

  • Let's sneak some of this onto the bus for the journey home! Hehehehehehehehahaha hahaha..............where to next zebedee? Chuckles uncontrollably :D :D

  • everyone else aren't going to get any hee hee!

    gins disappeared again

  • Outer crashed really boring back. Now

  • I can't get pages to load up and it keeps saying error then telling me that there's been no activity :o real pain in bottom.

    Anyhoo! back to it do you still have the fluffies Gins or should I try to round them up with marshmallows................ NO CHOCOLATE FOR FLUFFIES - EVERYONE PLEASE!

  • hey id like some coral plzzzzzz, i got lost, cant find anyone else x

  • Are yes cookie,here you are,here's your coral.....passes coral to cookie......will make a lovely souvenir! Have you tried the laughing gas? :D

  • no i had some of that when i cracked a rib two years ago and it made me sick, ?and thanx for coral its lovely, what are you going to do with yours : )

  • It will sit on my windowsill in the bathroom with my collection of shells :)

  • hey dee they might have coral in the gift shop we can look in there later :o

    I do like gift shops.

  • Me too,overpriced sometimes but I can spend ages looking around :)

  • me too Zeb, what are you looking for anything in particular ?

  • fridge magnets and tat I think xx sticks of rock heheh!

  • Ooh yes,lovely rock!I just like looking at everything :)

  • You and sweeties haribo, ...... The name explains such a lot ......mine are strawbs :D :D

  • Haribo is the name of my cat hehe :D

  • ok.zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz

    just a little re-charge required zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz

  • Don't worry zeb,we can have it all to ourselfs.Just don't let the fluffies have any though or else there will be trouble :D

  • oh dear! where are the fluffies Haribo do you know? we're all gonna need them later on the way back I'm sure :o ;)

  • The fluffies are with me,all behaving so far but iam not sure that I can keep them from the laughing gas any longer......................quick zeb before they get to the gas!...............

  • darn it too late! Foggy is going to be mad if we can't control them, shucks how do we get them down from up there.

    ouch! ur ouch! they're throwing what looks like atom balls from the chemistry lab........ouch!

    Oh dear!

  • Speaking of foggy where is she? You will have to boing your way up there,catch the fluffies and throw them down to me.They are all flying around the room giggling now.........this is going to be hard,we're going to need some help.......... :O

  • hey i want some dont hog it all i need it for my garden ; (

  • Here you are............take a deep breathe and breathe it working yet? :D

  • Have you recharged yet zeb? :O

  • nearly tomato soup and a sandwich lovely nom nom :D

  • Come on everyone we need your help urgently to catch the naughty fluffies that have been using the laughing gas...........please come and assist me and zeb to catch them :O

  • you throw ill catch oouch not that hard haribo, trying to get your own back are you

  • Who me?? :O I wouldn't do that to you cookie! I promise :D

  • OK IM boinging boing boing boing....................tweek twitch tweek

    Its no good my magic tash needs more re-charge.


  • theres one there Zeb just behind that light , quick get it before it moves again

  • Got em,ooh eekkkkk,they are strong arnt they? Almost knocked me over :O

  • Don't worry I have the little darlings they just needed ice cream. Right is it time Zen?

  • time for what? bed zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz heehee!

  • thank you for that they were problematic and causing chaos

  • ok gins, haribo and cookie thanks for catching the fluffiesxxx

    I think its time for a musical interlude the refreshments lady shall pop by shortly

    I've placed a few fluffy cuddle recliners up by the king penguins its time for an hours relaxation we needed the fluffies for that.

    hopefully after that we may stumble across the others

    come on tweek tweek twitch twitch swoosh......... ahhhhhhhhhh! that's so comfy, and those penguins are awesome :)

  • Aww thanks zeb,that's just what I needed! Are you sure we caught ALL the fluffies?Iam sure I saw one a minute ago bouncing into one of those aeroplanes,eek! Hope it's not a case of the flying fluffies! Hehehehehehehehahaha :D

  • What lovely relaxing music......sinks into cuddle recliner cuddling pink soothing fluffie.............mmmmmm soooooo lovely!.........zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz :)

  • I am back again silly little puter but the large on is ok (I thinK) that is unless it has been using the laughing gas. :) :D

  • I'm in the gift shop. I like those pencils with the funny rubber tops, mmm..... penguin, globe, fluffies.... what?... Zeb you really must control them, I think they're full of laughing gas and attaching themselves to all sorts of things. Mmmmm.... space telescope, pack of cards, wooly sheep.....I think that may be a stray fluffy in camouflage, no. it's a sheep. So much to buy, so little money to do it. I'll need a count up. What's everyone else buying?

  • I'm just gonna get a fridge magnet of the museum,that will be enough for me, what. Time is the coach picking us up ??m : )

  • I am definitely going for the little rubber tops and these amazing paper aeroplanes oh and the spaceman you launch with a rubber band. Gosh so much to choose from, What about you Zeb and foggy what time is the magic coach due for us all ?

  • any minute, thanks guys I woke up surrounded by hundreds of very hungry fluffies :o thought they were going to eat me its taken quite some time to sort them out they're all sleeping now tucked up safe :D xx

  • Help I've been locked in the toilet all day and no-one heard me call :(

    Definitely time to find the cafe and eat lots and lots of cake - you have left me some haven't you?

  • LOLOL so sorry but there was laughing gas and fluffie chaos and curly wurlies and Haribo in a helicopter and I lost my boing So! so! sorry we didn't hear you lucy





  • Many thanks to you Zen for all your work xxxgins

  • why thankyou but also thanks to foggy for the research too especially when she's feeling poorly :) and you and haribo n dee n I could go on and on and on...........

    But you'd end up chucking something at me ;)

    xxxzebxxx much obliged

  • oh no - did I miss the coach? Ah well I shall have to wrap up warm and brave the tube alone then *sniffle* Huge thanks to the people who arranged the trip - its given me plenty of reasons to smile today.

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