Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects millions of people across the world. When the human body does not produce insulin, or it cannot use insulin properly, the condition is called diabetes. This results in a condition in which the cells do not use the glucose in the blood as well as they should. This causes the blood glucose levels to rise.
“People suffering with typhoid fever may experience a rise in blood sugar levels”
Several factors such as a sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet and lack of exercise set the stage for the development of diabetes. Diabetes increases the risk of many other complications like heart attack, stroke and kidney disease as well as complications in the eye.
The onset of typhoid fever is with symptoms of high fever, headache, body ache, abdominal pain and diarrhoea-like conditions.
Any fever may be associated with a rise in blood sugar levels. This is due to the hormones released during this episode that causes your blood sugar levels to rise. The body tries to manage this condition by producing extra insulin that keeps the sugar level within normal levels. However, in persons with diabetes, the lack of insulin or insulin resistance results in the blood sugar levels staying high. To confirm diabetes, it is recommended to repeat the tests after recovering from the disease.
Studies indicate that adverse conditions like diabetic ketoacidosis may be precipitated by infections in type 2 as well as type 1 diabetes. This is a serious condition that is precipitated by fever among other conditions. The illness causes the body to produce high levels of certain hormones, such as adrenaline or cortisol. These hormones have a counter effect to insulin which may trigger the episode of diabetic ketoacidosis.
Without enough insulin, your body begins to break down fat as fuel. This process produces a build-up of acids in the bloodstream called ketones, eventually leading to diabetic ketoacidosis.
However it is important to rule out any problem with insulin therapy. Missed insulin treatments or inadequate insulin therapy can leave you with too little insulin in your system, triggering diabetic ketoacidosis.
Signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis often develop quickly, sometimes within 24 hours. These include excessive thirst, frequent urination, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, weakness or fatigue, breathlessness and confusion.
Untreated diabetic ketoacidosis can be fatal.
Source-- Apollo clinic ,let's talk health issue -53