Ovarian Cancer

Cancer occurs when cells in an area of the body grow abnormally.

Ovarian cancer is the seventh most common cancer among women. There are three types of ovarian cancer:

(1) epithelial ovarian cancer

(2) germ cell cancer and

(3) stromal cell cancer.

Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most common and accounts for 85 percent to 89 percent of ovarian cancers. It forms on the surface of the ovary in the epithelial cells.

On the other hand, germ cell cancer is an uncommon form of ovarian cancer, accounting for only about five percent of ovarian cancers.Germ cell cancers start in the cells that form the eggs in the ovaries. This cancer is usually found in adolescent girls and young women, and usually affects only one ovary. Please visit the Women’s Cancer Network

Stromal cell cancer starts in the cells that produce female hormones and hold the ovarian tissues together. Familial breast-ovarian cancer syndrome is a common inherited condition that causes 10 percent of all ovarian cancers and 5–10 percent

of all breast cancers. Research confirms that there is a link between breast and ovarian cancer. Any woman who has had one of these cancers is at a higher risk for developing the other.

Risk Factors :

Epithelial Ovarian Cancer:

1. Risk increases with age, especially around the time of menopause.

A family history of epithelial ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer, peritoneal cancer, premenopausal breast cancer and/or male breast cancer is a very important risk factor.

A personal history of premenopausal breast cancer is also an important risk factor, and some families affected by both colon and endometrial cancer will also have an increased risk.

4.Infertility and not bearing children are also risk factors.

These symptoms include:

➤ Bloating

➤ Pelvic or abdominal pain

➤ Difficulty eating or feeling full quickly

➤ Urinary symptoms (urgency or frequency).

Women who have these symptoms almost daily for more than a few weeks should see their doctor, Prompt medical evaluation may lead to detection at the earliest possible stage of the disease. Early stage diagnosis is associated with an improved prognosis.

It is important to understand that symptoms associated with ovarian cancer are common and often due to other causes. And therefore are not specific. We all have these symptoms from time-to-time, but it does not mean that we have ovarian cancer. Again, if you have these symptoms, and they are new and occur almost daily for more than a few weeks, this could be a sign of ovarian cancer. Seek prompt medical attention.

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