I am from Vermont in USA and am grateful for finding this informative site. At 74, I started urinating blood. Cystoscopy revealed a 4 centimeter bladder tumor called a urothelio carcinoma. Last week I had it removed in same day surgery called TURB. I was fearing the worst, but it was a Grade 1 Ta level non invasive tumor. Dr. Estimated it was around 2 years old! He said age of tumor and size not a determinant of level of cancer. I now will have a follow up cystoscopy every 3 months for a year and less each yr after. Hope this is as reassuring to readers here as it was to me. Armed with information and my first cancerous symptoms, I was ready for anything. Take heart and thank God if you are in same pre TURB boat as I was. Dr said many, many removals reveal superficial and non invasive rumors. Take heart, folks, get symptoms checked by ultrasound and cystoscopy, have a positive frame of mind, and realize that many large and aged tumors have a good chance of being low grade and low stage. None of these procedures hurt and you leave with a sense of assurance regardless of outcome. Thank you for this site and I will continue to read it daily and pray for good prognoses for all.