What a very odd paper - which really doesn't get anywhere in terms of explanation. Nonetheless, it does raise my curiosity as to what might be happening and why.
Pickled? Scallion? Raw? Cooked? Red, white or brown?
Endocrine. 2021 Jul 31.
doi: 10.1007/s12020-021-02790-2. Online ahead of print.
Association between dietary onion intake and subclinical hypothyroidism in adults: a population-based study from an iodine-replete area
Juanjuan Zhang # 1 , Yeqing Gu # 2 , Ge Meng 3 4 , Qing Zhang 5 , Li Liu 5 , Hongmei Wu 1 , Shunming Zhang 1 , Yawen Wang 1 , Tingjing Zhang 1 , Xuena Wang 1 , Xu Zhang 1 , Xing Wang 5 , Shaomei Sun 5 , Ming Zhou 5 , Qiyu Jia 5 , Kun Song 5 , Kaijun Niu 6 7 8 9 10
• PMID: 34331679
• DOI: 10.1007/s12020-021-02790-2
Purpose: The protective effect of onion against thyroid hypofunction has been reported in animal studies. However, in humans, the association between onion consumption and subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) are unclear. The study sought to explore the association between habitual onion intake and SCH among adult population from an iodine-replete area.
Methods: A cross-sectional study (6515 men and 5290 women) was performed in Tianjin, China. Frequency of onion consumption was assessed using a valid self-administered food frequency questionnaire. Serum free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were determined by chemiluminescence immunoassay. SCH was diagnosed with TSH > 4.78 mIU/L. Multiple logistic regression was used to evaluate the association of onion intake with SCH.
Results: The prevalence of SCH was 2.56% in men and 7.18% in women, respectively. In women, the fully adjusted odds ratios [95% confidence interval (CI)] of having SCH across increasing frequency of onion intake were 1.00 (reference) for <1 time/week, 0.99 (0.73, 1.34) for 1-3 times/week, 0.74 (0.53, 1.03) for 4-6 times/week, and 0.67 (0.47, 0.97) for ≥7 times/week (P for trend <0.01). However, we observed no significant association between onion intake and SCH in men. Stratified analyses suggested a potential effect modification by age: the odds ratios (95% CI) across extreme quartiles was 0.37 (0.17, 0.80) in <40 women and 1.11 (0.51, 2.47) in >60 women.
Conclusions: Frequent consumption of onion is inversely associated with SCH in adult women from an iodine-replete area. Further studies are needed to explore the casual relationship. TRIAL REGISTRATION WEBSITE: upload.umin.ac.jp/cgi-open-....
Keywords: Adult population; Diet; Onion; Subclinical hypothyroidism.
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