Equal,saccharin,sweet and low,sugar free,splenda etc have become a common house hold names and it is used extensively in homes .
Artificial sweeteners are synthetic sugar substitutes but may be derived from naturally occurring substances, including herbs or sugar itself.
It is widely used in processed foods,including baked goods,soft drinks,powdered drink mixes,candy,pudding,canned food,jams and jellies,dairy products and a number of other food and beverages. Some artificial sweeteners may leave an aftertaste.
But all is not well, it appears,as tasting sweet enhances appetite regardless of calories and artificial sweeteners are shown to increase weight.
It also raises the risk of diabetes type 2,by altering the gut micro biome,which in turn may also cause or aggravate inflammatory bowel disease.There is additional concern about DNA damage and cancer risk.Please note that additional data and more study is required for its validation.
As more and more studies in humans and animals come to the fore, it is possible that a more complex picture of artificial sweeteners will emerge. There is growing literature which suggest that our dietary life may not need to be so artificially sweet.