Couldn't agree more with the conclusion here. Have to say, it is plain crazy that this isn't already standard practice.
Arch Med Sci. 2018 Apr;14(3):516-520. doi: 10.5114/aoms.2016.58743. Epub 2016 Mar 23.
Anti-thyroid antibodies, parietal cell antibodies and tissue transglutaminase antibodies in patients with autoimmune thyroid disease.
Twito O1, Shapiro Y2, Golan-Cohen A3,4, Dickstein Y3, Ness-Abramof R5, Shapiro M3.
1 Meir Medical Center, Kefar-Sava, Israel.
2 Maccabi Health Services, Israel.
3 Leumit Health Fund, Israel.
4 Department of Family Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
5 Clalit Health Services, Israel.
The co-existence of tissue-specific autoantibodies in autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) is well established. The published prevalence of anti-parietal cell antibodies (PC-Ab) is 20-25%, and that of celiac antibodies is 2-5%. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of PC-Ab and anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (tTG-Ab) in patients with ATD and to evaluate the correlation between anti-thyroid antibodies and the other antibodies.
Material and methods:
The files of 120 Israeli Jews and Arabs with ATD were evaluated for anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (Tg-Ab), anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab), PC-Ab and tTG-Ab. For patients with positive PC-Ab and/or tTG-Ab, upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy results were recorded. Gastrin levels were collected in patients with positive PC-Ab.
Twelve (10%) males and 108 (90%) females were evaluated, of whom 93.33% had Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Thirty-four (28.3%) subjects had positive PC-Ab. This rate was not affected by gender, ethnicity or thyroid disease. Abnormal gastroscopy findings were documented in 95.2% of the upper GI endoscopies. The mean gastrin level in this subgroup was 660.4 pg/ml. Five of 114 tTG-Ab tests were positive (4.4%). All were females with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Rates were equal among Jews and Arabs. Higher TPO-Ab levels were associated with higher risk for PC-Ab positivity (p = 0.027), but not tTG-positivity. Higher Tg-Ab levels were not associated with higher levels of other antibodies.
Considering the frequency of PC-Ab and tTG-Ab positivity in ATD, checking for the presence of these two entities should be an integral part of the workup of this disease.
anti-thyroid antibodies; autoimmune thyroid disease; celiac disease; parietal cell antibodies