Given the number of hypothyroid cases that have been available for medicine to investigate, even just since thyroid treatment became available, why do we so often read the words not well documented?
J Clin Med Res. 2015 Dec; 7(12): 995–997.
Published online 2015 Oct 23. doi: 10.14740/jocmr2357w
Severe Hypothyroidism-Induced Volvulus
Rafay Khan, Amar Ahmed, Sunil Tulpule, Kalyani Regeti, Shuvendu Sen, and Teena Mathewa
Thyroid disorders have been found to be associated with multiple organ systems and thus have a broad spectrum of presenting symptoms and clinical conditions. Certain aspects of the gastrointestinal (GI) system have yet to be fully understood and documented. Hypothyroidism and even hyperthyroidism have been identified in patients with motility symptoms involving the GI tract. These symptoms can vary and can be a complication of undertreated or undiagnosed condition involving the thyroid.
Unfortunately, the mechanism in which these hormones can impact intestinal motility remains poorly understood and not well documented. In this case report, we discuss the presentation of a 71-year-old female with poorly managed hypothyroidism presenting with significant abdominal distention and pain secondary to underlying volvulus formation. By better understanding the complications induced by hypothyroidism, physicians may be able to prevent further life-threatening outcomes with early management and intervention.
Keywords: Hypothyroidism, Gastrointestinal, Motility, Volvulus, Thyroid
Full article freely available here:
A volvulus is a subtype of malrotation, in which a loop of bowel is twisted about a focal point along the mesentery attached to the intestinal tract, that may result in a bowel obstruction.