The Canal is capacious. There is straightening of the normal lardosis. At L1/2 there is an intraosseous disc herniation he upper L2 vertebral body. The upper lumbar disc are otherwise unremarkable. At L4/5 there is minor tear in the annulus and a small central disc protrusion without neural or significant thecal compression. At L5-S1 there is reduction of disc height and signal an marked reactive changes in the vertebral bodies adjacent to the disc. There is a central disc protrusion without neural or significant thecal compression. The lowermost cord is normal. There is reduction in bulk of the posterior paraspinal muscles. There are some hypertrophic changes in the facet complexes a the lumbosacral junction.
Degenerative changes at L5-S1 without evidence of root compression