Presence of certain bacteria in the gut may be linked to development of type 2 diabetes. Type2 diabetes is a serious metabolic disorder. The disease causes the body cells to lose their ability to respond to insulin, hormone that controls glucose uptake. This leads to , even with adequate insulin,a high level of glucose in blood.
The intestinal environment plays a larger role in bodily function and health,than just digesting food. Immunity begins in the gut and any decrease in health promoting microbes can negatively impact bodies ability to ward off disease.
The connection between diabetes and gut microb population should not come as a surprise. Researchers now show that gut bacteria can also provide clues as to whether or not type 2 diabetes is present. Changes in intestinal flora are often detected even before other symptoms of type2 diabetes become evident.
Recently researchers have been developing serious arguments to support the theory that diabetes maybe linked,among other things,to the composition of microbial community living inside our intestines. A group of Russian scientists studied changes in the microbiota of the large intestine.Paper was published in the journal Endocrinology Connections.
The most importantly researchers were able to link level of glucose intolerance with the presence of three specific types of microbiota. They are all found in healthy people,but in case of pre- diabetes and diabetes,they are present in far greater numbers.
One of the possible ways that microbes affect diabetes could be by provoking an immune response. This theory was first propounded by researchers from Finland.