Just finished talking to my CVS pharmacist who contacted McGuff Compounding Pharmacy in California and was told that they (McGuff) do not compound B1 vials but they order them from the pharmaceutical company which compounds B1 vials. These vials contain traces of ALUMINUM as a preservative. The question is: safer to pop pills than having B1 vials with aluminum?
B1 vials contain ALUMINUM!: Just finished... - Cure Parkinson's
I thought aluminium is used as a stabiliser in every injection? Isn't that why parents of autistic children think it is triggered from inoculations? I read somewhere that the amount is minuscule and if my husband gets relief from this shitty disease but ends up with a little more aluminium in his body than he needs, then so be it.
I tried B1 injections about 3 years ago and felt worse after each one. Headache. Fatigue and very irritable. I stopped at 3 injections. Later it dawned on me there was probably some kind of preservative I was reacting to. Now I know.
Surely the aluminium could not accumulate in just 3 injections enough to cause problems? My husband has had 2 per week since June and has had no side effects. Maybe something else caused the symptoms? I hope it is not aluminium....
nellie58- it may only be a small amount, but heavy metals accumulate over time, so if you have heavy metals from other sources, like other vaccines or amalgam fillings, it is definitely possible that another small dose of aluminum could cause ill effects. i would stay away from the injectable thiamine, since the oral form works well, anyhow.
The injections work for us and they are what Dr C wanted my hubby to have. He is 66 and someone has noted on this forum that B1 is better absorbed by injection after age 60. Hubby is doing great and so I am doubly happy to hear that the vials have no aluminium 😀 In any case hubby does not want to stop the B1 injections.
"WARNING: This product contains aluminum that may be toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administration if kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at risk because their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calcium and phosphate solutions, which contain aluminum.
Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration.
Serious hypersensitivity/anaphylactic reactions can occur, especially after repeated administration. Deaths have resulted from IV or IM administration of thiamine (see package insert for ADVERSE REACTIONS). "
I searched and did not find an indication of how much aluminum is in a thiamine injection. The safety limit of 5 mcg/kg/day is pretty low - it would not take much aluminum to exceed that - .35 mg for an average adult.
Based on this I would say the oral route is safer. Vitacost is a good source. Personally I encapsulate my own from pure thiamine HCl but it is extra work, even with a jig made for the purpose.
Thank you all for your insight. Hopefully, Art will give us his opinion, but most importantly Dr. C. As I wrote before, after the first injection, there are some improvements but nothing significant. My husband had to stop the injections three times for dose adjustments. He is on B1 break again and will restart on 3 December. I will email Dr. C. to ask him about the safety of the vials.
'Aluminium becomes dangerous if the kidneys are impaired'.
Yikes, I am sure Dr Costantini with all his knowledge and expertise would not recommend B1 by injection if there was such a high chance of complications. That is probably why he asked so much information about hubby's general health.
My husband is doing really well now, after we sorted the dose. We would hate to go back to pre B1🤔 and Dr C did not suggest he took it by tablet form.
In Italy B1 injection have no aluminum. Someone posted on this site about a compounding pharmacy in California it is McGuff compounding pharmacy. She is getting her injectable from there. I think a safe alternative is using Vitacost thiamine HCL 500mg capsules. Mary
Thank you, Mary. Yes, I purchased the vials at McGuff Compounding, CA, but they didn't compound the vials. Their supplier is Mylan Pharmaceuticals and according to both, middle man (McGuff) and supplier they do contain aluminum.
I had no idea, good to know. Because of the aluminum I decided against injections. I have gotten good results with thiamine HCL. I'm one of the very few that thiamine and other B vitamins raise my blood pressure very high I do check my blood pressure and stop thiamine HCL when it starts to rise. I did get
Up to 3000 milligrams per day but high blood pressure skyrocketed. I stopped it for a while and now I am just taking 500 milligrams per day, not every single day at that. I am taking my sinemet also however thiamine HCL made a great difference in my well being. Mary
I am happy for you Mary.
everyone has his body and the b1 needs some education and practical use. For someone it is very simple for others not. You were really very good at persisting despite the difficulty of your case. I am very happy for you..
I have email the company where I bought our B1 vials for comment. homoempatia.eu and will let you know what they have to say!
Did you get the ones manufactured by Pascoe? If so, the only added ingredients are Sodium Phosphate and water.
I purchase my injections from this company and would be pleased to hear how they respond to your enquiry.
They also sell ones made by 2 other companies - Hevert, the only other ingredients are Sodium Hydroxide and water. Ratiopharm, the only other ingredient is water.
I was trying to read the pamphlet that came with the b1 vials but it is in German! I couldn't see any other ingredient except water but I messaged the company but have not had a reply yet. Thank you sdolly for confirming this! Ratiopharm are the manufacturer of our vials. I had already discussed with my husband that he might be getting a bit of aluminium with his B1 but he said he didn't care anyway. I will tell him he is actually just getting a little more hydration instead 😉
Another bit of stress gone.
My husband uses the Pascoe injections and the only added ingredients are Sodium Phosphate and water. We get them from Germany.
What is vit b1 do for you.
Just as I was messaging sdolly to thank her for her research, I had a reply from where I bought our b1 vials.
The vitamin B1 ampoules do not contain aluminium.
Sdolly has posted a few labs you can get b1 vials from without aluminium.
Hi Nellie, I had ordered B1 vials from this company, but US customs would not allow entry of these vials into the country as they are prescribed meds in the US. So sorry I couldn't get them from Europe.
Oh sorry, just read this. That is crazy, it is a vitamin supplement. I got 12 months supply within a week of ordering and with no problem.
Hi. I know this was from 3 years ago but I’m wondering if you have found a way to get the injectable b1 without aluminum in the US? We get ours from Canada and will be calling the pharmacy tomorrow to see if it has aluminum and if they are able to get any without.
Husband stopped the injections. He is now on oral B1.
I believe most injectables have trace Aluminum.
Thank you . I’ll try with the Canadian pharmacy and then my husband will have to go back to oral. I’m so thinking about asking the pharmacy in Italy if they are able to ship to US
So, I just got off the phone with a pharmacist at McGuff and he said they do not buy their product from another compounding pharmacy, that they make it themselves. He was certain of that. I will send them an email I get an answer in writing.
We talked at some length about aluminum and he said they do not put aluminum in it but that virtually all products (not just thiamine) have trace amounts of aluminum. I asked him to get out and look at the Certificate of Analysis for me and he said aluminum is not listed. (He did say nickel and zinc was listed.) He did not know if that's because the trace amounts is too small to show up or because it wasn't tested for.
There's millions of people all over the world who will take injections all their life. So, is it possible that healthcare industries in numerous countries would allow such a risk?
I posted a picture of the label on the box of injectable thiamine in a previous thiamine injection discussion which said how much aluminum is in the stuff, so if I'm lucky, I can find that.
This presents us with a conundrum (requiring more research,) because, I for one, have been hoping and expecting to take intramuscular injections indefinitely and I don't think we know how much is absorbed when it goes thru the stomach. I recall reading one abstract that said in people over 65, only 2.5 mg is absorbed.
Marc, I got a reply from Mylan Pharmaceuticals who provide B1 vials to McGuff. Their B1 vials DO CONTAIN aluminum no more than 400mcg/liter. I contacted them after my CVS pharmacist told me that she had talked to the pharmacist at McGuff and McGuff pharmacist told my CVS pharmacist that they get their B1 vials from Mylan Pharmaceuticals and that they (McGuff) do not compound their B1.
I emailed Dr. C. asking him about the safety of these vials with aluminum but he hasn't replied yet.
For those in Europe, YOU ARE LUCKY to get your vials aluminum free.
I seem to remember that 400 mcg/L figure. So, aren't there 1,000,000 µg per gram? And, 1000 mL per liter? 1 mg/L equals one part per million. We need Park bear to do the math on this, but it seems like such an infinitesimal amount that I will long be dead before the accumulation is a threat.
Well, it certainly is curious that we are being told 2 different things about who makes the stuff.
You can buy them from Europe. Anyone can.
Yes, Nellie, but the problem is US customs! They won't allow delivery of the vials from Europe.
I'll shop a dozen compounding pharmacies regarding price and aluminum and believe we will turn up something we like.
Gio, you posted a comment but doesn't appear here.
THIAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE- thiamine hydrochloride injection, s olution
Mylan Ins titutional LLC
Thiamine hydrochloride injection, USP is a sterile solution of thiamine hydrochloride in Water for
Injection for intramuscular (IM) or slow intravenous (IV) administration.
Each mL contains: Thiamine hydrochloride 100 mg; monothioglycerol 0.5%; Water for Injection q.s.
Sodium hydroxide may have been added for pH adjustment (2.5 to 4.5).
Thiamine hydrochloride, or vitamin B , occurs as white crystals or crystalline powder that usually has a
slight characteristic odor. Freely soluble in water; soluble in glycerin; slightly soluble in alcohol;
insoluble in ether and benzene. Thiamine is rapidly destroyed in neutral or alkaline solutions but is
stable in the dry state. It is reasonably stable to heat in acid solution.
The chemical name of thiamine hydrochloride is thiazolium,3-[(4-amino-2-methyl-5-
pyrimidinyl)methyl]-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-methylchloride, monohydrochloride and it has the following
C H ClN OS • HCl M.W. 337.27
The water soluble vitamins are widely distributed in both plants and animals. They are absorbed in man
by both diffusion and active transport mechanisms. These vitamins are structurally diverse (derivatives
of sugar, pyridine, purines, pyrimidine, organic acid complexes and nucleotide complex) and act as
coenzymes, as oxidation-reduction agents, possibly as mitochondrial agents. Metabolism is rapid, and
the excess is excreted in the urine.
Thiamine is distributed in all tissues. The highest concentrations occur in liver, brain, kidney and heart.
When thiamine intake is greatly in excess of need, tissue stores increase 2 to 3 times. If intake is
insufficient, tissues become depleted of their vitamin content. Absorption of thiamine following IM
administration is rapid and complete.
Thiamine combines with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to form thiamine pyrophosphate, also known as
cocarboxylase, a coenzyme. Its role in carbohydrate metabolism is the decarboxylation of pyruvic acid
in the blood and α-ketoacids to acetaldehyde and carbon dioxide. Increased levels of pyruvic acid in the
blood indicate vitamin B deficiency.
The requirement for thiamine is greater when the carbohydrate content of the diet is raised. Body
depletion of vitamin B can occur after approximately 3 weeks of total absence of thiamine in the diet.
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Thiamine hydrochloride injection is effective for the treatment of thiamine deficiency or beriberi
whether of the dry (major symptoms related to the nervous system) or wet (major symptoms related to
the cardiovascular system) variety. Thiamine hydrochloride injection should be used where rapid
restoration of thiamine is necessary, as in Wernicke's encephalopathy, infantile beriberi with acute
12 17 4
collapse, cardiovascular disease due to thiamine deficiency, or neuritis of pregnancy if vomiting is
severe. It is also indicated when giving IV dextrose to individuals with marginal thiamine status to avoid
precipitation of heart failure.
Thiamine hydrochloride injection is also indicated in patients with established thiamine deficiency who
cannot take thiamine orally due to coexisting severe anorexia, nausea, vomiting, or malabsorption.
Thiamine hydrochloride injection is not usually indicated for conditions of decreased oral intake or
decreased gastrointestinal absorption, because multiple vitamins should usually be given.
A history of sensitivity to thiamine or to any of the ingredients in this drug is a contraindication. (See
WARNINGS for further information.)
WARNING: This product contains aluminum that may be toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with
prolonged parenteral administration if kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at
risk because their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calcium and phosphate
solutions, which contain aluminum.
Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates, who
receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels
associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates
Serious hypersensitivity/anaphylactic reactions can occur, especially after repeated administration.
Deaths have resulted from IV or IM administration of thiamine (see ADVERSE REACTIONS).
Routine testing for hypersensitivity, in many cases, may not detect hypersensitivity. Nevertheless, a skin
test should be performed on patients who are suspected of drug allergies or previous reactions to
thiamine, and any positive responders should not receive thiamine by injection.
If hypersensitivity to thiamine is suspected (based on history of drug allergy or occurrence of adverse
reactions after thiamine administration), administer one-hundredth of the dose intradermally and observe
for 30 minutes. If no reaction occurs, full dose can be given; the patient should be observed for at least
30 minutes after injection. Be prepared to treat anaphylactic reactions regardless of the precautions
Treatment of anaphylactic reactions includes maintaining a patent airway and the use of epinephrine,
oxygen, vasopressors, steroids and antihistamines.
Simple vitamin B deficiency is rare. Multiple vitamin deficiencies should be suspected in any case of
Information for Patients
The patient should be advised as to proper dietary habits during treatment so that relapses will be less
likely to occur with reduction in dosage or cessation of injection therapy.
Us age in Pregnancy
Pregnancy Category A
Studies in pregnant women have not shown that thiamine hydrochloride increases the risk of fetal
abnormalities if administered during pregnancy. If the drug is used during pregnancy, the possibility of
fetal harm appears remote. Because studies cannot rule out the possibility of harm however, thiamine
hydrochloride should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.
Nurs ing Mothers
It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when thiamine hydrochloride is administered to a nursing mother.
An occasional individual may develop a hypersensitivity or life threatening anaphylactic reaction to
thiamine, especially after repeated injection. Collapse and death have been reported. A feeling of
warmth, pruritus, urticaria, weakness, sweating, nausea, restlessness, tightness of the throat,
angioneurotic edema, cyanosis, pulmonary edema, and hemorrhage into the gastrointestinal tract have
also been reported. Some tenderness and induration may follow IM use (see WARNINGS).
Parenteral doses of 100 mg to 500 mg singly have been administered without toxic effects. However,
dosages exceeding 30 mg 3 times a day are not utilized effectively.
When the body tissues are saturated with thiamine, it is excreted in the urine as pyrimidine. As the intake
of thiamine is further increased, it appears unchanged in the urine.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
"Wet" beriberi with myocardial failure must be treated as an emergency cardiac condition, and thiamine
must be administered slowly by the IV route in this situation (see WARNINGS).
In the treatment of beriberi, 10 mg to 20 mg of thiamine hydrochloride are given IM 3 times daily for as
long as 2 weeks. (See WARNINGS regarding repeated injection of thiamine.) An oral therapeutic
multivitamin preparation containing 5 mg to 10 mg thiamine, administered daily for one month, is
recommended to achieve body tissue saturation.
Infantile beriberi that is mild may respond to oral therapy, but if collapse occurs, doses of 25 mg may
cautiously be given IV.
Poor dietary habits should be corrected and an abundant and well-balanced dietary intake should be prescribed.
Patients with neuritis of pregnancy in whom vomiting is severe enough to preclude adequate oral
therapy should receive 5 mg to 10 mg of thiamine hydrochloride IM daily.
In the treatment of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, thiamine hydrochloride has been administered IV in
an initial dose of 100 mg, followed by IM doses of 50 mg to 100 mg daily until the patient is consuming
a regular, balanced diet. (See WARNINGS regarding repeated injections of thiamine.)
Patients with marginal thiamine status to whom dextrose is being administered should receive 100 mg
thiamine hydrochloride in each of the first few liters of IV fluid to avoid precipitating heart failure.
Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to
administration, whenever solution and container permit.
Thiamine Hydrochloride Injection, USP, 200 mg/2 mL (100 mg/mL), is available in:
2 mL (200 mg) multiple dose vial, packaged 25 vials per carton.
Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]
Protect from light.
Use only if solution is clear and seal intact.
Pres ervative Free.
Mylan Ins titutional LLC
Rockford, IL 61103 U.S.A.
Mylan Ins titutional
PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 200 mg/2 mL
200 mg/2 mL
For Intramus cular or
Intravenous Us e Only
Rx only 25 x 2 mL Multi-Dos e Vials
Pres ervative Free
Each mL contains : Thiamine HCl, 100 mg; monothioglycerol 0.5% v/v; water
for injection, q.s. Sodium Hydroxide may have been added for pH adjustment.
Contains no more than 400 mcg/L of aluminum.
Us ual Dos age: See accompanying prescribing information.
Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]
Protect from light.
Use only if solution is clear and seal intact.
Mylan Ins titutional LLC
THIS IS THE REPLY TO MY EMAIL FROM MYLAN!
Thank you for all of the information. All of you people are a wonderful group. I am so glad that I belong to this forum, I get more information from you guys than I do from the Parkinson Org. I think we all help each other better than an org. it is more personal, we all have problems with this horrible disease, some more than others. THANKS AGAIN for taking the time.