As the name suggest, neuroplasticity explores the extent to which our neurological systems may be kinetic in their form, function and/or development.
Brittanica summarizes it as follows: neuroplasticity is "the capacity of neurons and neural networks in the brain to change their connections and behaviour in response to new information, sensory stimulation, development, damage, or dysfunction." (https://www.britannica.com/science/neuroplasticity)
I've always been fascinated by this type of research.
For example, A study in 2000 discovered that London taxi drivers have a larger hippocampus, (the brain structure known to be heavily involved in learning routes and spatial representations), than do London bus drivers. The study found that the size of the hippocampus correlated with the subject's length of time being a taxi driver, suggesting that driving taxis may develop and change the hippocampus. In other words, having to learn all of those streets had caused a demonstrable increase in the size of a drivers' hippocampus region. How cool is that?
This area of research became even more compelling, however, as it began to expose a new cutting edge of neuroplasticity research: the revelation that we may have large regenerative potential (much like a starfish) in the wake of damage caused by disease or injury.
In the area of MS, perhaps the most noteworthy application of regenerative concepts may have been a TED presentation by Dr. Terry Wahls (who had claimed to reverse her progressive MS almost entirely).
Although Dr. Wahls directed primary focus to her diet modification techniques (and her best-selling diet book, etc.), few people realized that an NMES therapy program also formed a central component to that noteworthy research program (activating neuroplasticity behaviors by electrical impulse, so as to stimulate re-myelination and/or the creation of alternate neural pathways). See ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/211...
Bottom line, a consensus appears to have been reached among the great minds of science that our neurological systems can regenerate, if only the proper environmental conditions and stimuli are present. Now, the hunt is on to identify and predictably replicate those ideal surroundings (through combinations of diet, external stimuli, MBM, etc.).
For those of you who want to learn more about this fascinating subject, here are some books that I'd recommend:
Anyone who has studied this area, or who has participated in related studies, programs or therapies, please also share your insights and experiences.