Childhood injuries are part of the natural growing process of children. You can’t stop these tiny explorers from exploring the world around them. And amidst all the discovering and fun, they are bound to fall, get cuts, burns, and other injuries. Though you can’t always prevent them from getting hurt, you can make them feel better by offering them first aid.
Here are first aid tips for the 5 most common childhood injuries and accidents
Burns - Scalds from hot food and beverages are the most common childhood injuries in children between aged 6 months to 2 years. Immediately put the burnt area under cold running water or apply cold, wet towel till the pain subsides. You can cover small blisters with a loose tape or gauze. If the burns are on the face, hands, or genitals, call the doctor immediately. If the burn appears large or the skin becomes white or brown, take the child to the emergency room. Do not try to pop any blisters on your own. Apply anti-biotic cream if the skin breaks. Watch for redness, swelling, and tenderness as these are the common signs of infection.
Cuts and scrape - In case of bleeding, gently press the site with a clean cloth until the bleeding stops. Clean under fresh water and gently pat dry. If the skin is broken, apply a thin layer of over-the-counter antibiotic ointment. Cover the area with a bandage or a gauze.
Splinter - Wash around the splinter with soap and water. Slowly pull out the splinter with the help of clean tweezers. If the splinter is hard to remove, leave it for a day or two. It may come out on its own during this period. If the child accidentally steps on a piece of glass, wrap the area with a clean cloth and take the child to the emergency room. It is advisable to get the X-ray done to find if any shards are left behind.
Bleeding nose - In case of nosebleed, make your child sit in upright position. Loosen any tight clothing, especially around the neck. Pinch the lower end of the child’s nose close to the nostrils and make her lean forward. Apply pressure continuously for 5-10 minutes. It helps stop the bleeding. If nose bleed is result of an accident or trauma, hold an ice pack against the bridge of the nose. If bleeding persists, call your doctor.
Insect bite - Bites and stings are quite common in kids under 4. If the insect has left the stinger, gently scrape the skin with your nail. To reduce itching, hold a cold compress over the affected area. Then apply calamine lotion or topical antihistamine. If your child has trouble breathing, gets swollen lips or tongue, or is coughing, call your doctor at once.
To safeguard your child’s life and to reduce his pain and symptoms, do first aid training. First aid certification in San Francisco would educate you about the common childhood injuries and correct first aid.