How blood sugar level is maintained in human beings?
There are three processes by which blood sugar level is maintained in human body-
Production- What we eat mainly Carbohydrates & Sugars all are converted into Glucose by the Liver.
Utilization-This produced glucose goes for various purposes through cellular uptake to peripheral tissues.
Conversion-Insulin (a hormone, secreted through pancreas) helps for cellular uptake as well as for its conversion to other components like triglycerides, nucleic acid & others important for protein synthesis.
In a healthy person, all these processes occurs normally,& blood sugar level returns to normal within 1 hour of diet intake, but when these processes are disturbed the level of sugar in blood is also affected. If it continues for a long period Diabetes Originates.
Dr.Alka Singhal MD